Renner, Karl

Renner, Karl
   Moderate socialist Karl Renner was an Austrian social democratic theorist, a pioneer in the Marxist study of law, and twice chancellor of his home nation. Having joined the Austrian Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) in 1896, Renner represented it in parliament from 1907. In 1918 he became the first chancellor of the fledgling Austrian republic, a position he held until 1920, and following the end of German occupation in April 1945, the first chancellor of the second Austrian republic. Renner had also served as president of the Austrian parliament between 1930 and 1933. In December 1945 he was elected president of Austria by the parliament, a position he occupied for five years until his death in 1950. Renner led the right wing of the SPÖ, espousing a more reformist agenda than that of Otto Bauer, the leader of the dominant left of the party. In 1916 Renner’s Probleme des Marxismus collection of essays was published. Here he attempted to modify the Marxist theory of state and of class, wishing to emphasize the impact of huge state intervention in the economy, and the rise of the new “service class” within the middle classes. His 1904 work, The Institutions of Private Law and their Social Functions, offered a groundbreaking insight into the social functions of law from a Marxist perspective.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Renner, Karl — (1870–1950)    Born in Moravia, Renner was a leading socialist politician and political theorist whose activities spanned the latter years of the Habsburg Empire, the First Austrian Republic, and the Allied occupation of Austria after World War… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Renner, Karl — born Dec. 14, 1870, Unter Tannowitz, Bohemia, Austria Hungary died Dec. 31, 1950, Doebling, Austria Austrian chancellor (1918–20, 1945) and president (1945–50). A lawyer, he served in the Reichsrat (lower house) from 1907. He became the first… …   Universalium

  • Renner, Karl — ► (1870 1950) Político austríaco. Fue presidente de la República Austríaca en 1945. * * * (14 dic. 1870, Untertannowitz, Bohemia, Austria Hungría–31 dic. 1950, Doebling, Austria). Canciller (1918–20, 1945) y presidente austríaco (1945–50).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Renner — Renner, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Renner — (um 1905) Karl Renner (* 14. Dezember 1870 in Untertannowitz, Mähren; † 31. Dezember 1950 in Wien) war ein österreichischer sozialdemokratischer Politiker (SDAP/SPÖ) und Jurist. Nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg wa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Renner — Presidente de Austria 20 de diciem …   Wikipedia Español

  • Karl Renner — Karl Renner, 1905 Mandats 4e président fédéral de la République d’Autriche …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RENNER (K.) — RENNER KARL (1870 1950) Dix huitième enfant d’une famille de petits paysans de Moravie, l’Autrichien Karl Renner obtient une bourse et peut entrer à l’université de Vienne. Très vite attiré par la social démocratie, il participe avec Otto Bauer à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Karl Höller — (* 25. Juli 1907 in Bamberg; † 14. April 1987 in Hausham) war ein deutscher Komponist, Dirigent, Organist und Hochschullehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Musik 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Twesten — (* 22. April 1820 in Kiel; † 14. Oktober 1870 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker und Jurist, Sohn des bekannten Theologen August Detlev Christian Twesten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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